(Greek Sword Infantry)
Unit type Sword Infantry
Base cost 30 Food Food, 40 Wealth Wealth,

20 Metal Metal

Ramping cost 3 Food Food
Creation time 11.9 seconds
Hit points 218
Line of sight 8
Movement speed 31
Attack strength 21
Attack range 0-0
Armour 15
Population cost Population
Created at Barracks
Fortified Barracks
Prerequisites Level 2 Reforms
Upgrades from Principes Reformati
Upgrades to none
Available to Ptolemaic IconSeleucid IconBosporan IconPontic Icon

Design Ideas

More of an afterthought than genuine heavy sword infantry like the Roman units that they are based off, Machairaphoroi nevertheless serve a fairly useful task within the Greek armies to which they are adjunct, having the hallmarks of melee infantry, being highly versatile in infantry fights — and so are ideal for countering enemy infantry armies, or at least giving their hosts a fighting chance. Although glaringly weaker in comparison to the Roman Cohors or the Dorkim Afrikanim Aloophim they have several benefits — they are not as costly, requiring more Food as opposed to Wealth.

So while the Romans may have the best contemporary heavy melee infantry, and the Carthaginians the toughest, the Machairaphoroi however have a pricetag discount without which they would otherwise be very deficient especially in the late game versus heavy sword armies, such as those of the Arverni and the Romans. The best use of these units thus is as assault infantry against infantry targets.


Historically, the Machairaphoroi were an attempt of the Successor armies to keep up with the Roman military evolution and tactics. A corps of 5000 men armed in Roman fashion was exhibited at the Daphne Parade in 166 BC demonstrating the will of the Seleucid king to reform and modernise his army. Similarly equipped and drilled units have also been reported by a variety of historic sources of that period, especailly in Egypt, following more intensified connections with Rome towards the end of Ptolemaic rule.